Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association Europe

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Spain

Last update: 30.10.2014

spain

Recent data shows that Spain accounts for 4000 vehicles powered by natural gas, some 320 units more than the year before (+ 7,5%). The fleet of NGVs includes 1.500 buses and 1.100 garbage trucks, plus around 900 vans, taxis and other light vehicles. The development of Spain’s NGV running park in the recent years is visualised below.
470 NGVs Graph cut
Fig 1. Development of Spanish NGV fleet

A big part of the country’s heavy-duty NGVs is operated by municipal services in the big cities. The entire garbage collection of Madrid for instance, around 470 vehicles, is running on compressed natural gas. Moreover, large parts of the city’s municipal bus fleet are powered by CNG as well, making up for almost 800 units, 40% of the city’s 2.000 buses in total.

This large scale use of gas-powered buses and trucks has not only saved fuel costs, but also lowered emissions of nitrogen oxide, sulphur oxide and particles. Reduced levels of greenhouse gases and noise emitted by the NGVs add to the advantages.

Driving with natural gas in Spain allows for cost savings of almost 50% compared to petrol, and over 30% compared to diesel. The pricing for NG at Spanish pumps in relation to other fuels is shown below.

 Retail fuel pricing Euro Sales unit
 CNG/LNG 0,74 nm3 equivalent 
 Petrol 1,41 ltr
 Diesel 1,32 ltr

Fig 2. Fuel prices in Spain

In terms of infrastructure, there are 90 filing stations for natural gas, 39 of them open to the public. Out of those 39 public stations, 15 have L-CNG capability, while 3 provide LNG only. Most of the 50 private supply points are used to refuel garbage collection vehicles and buses.

Multinational Energy Company Gas Natural Fenosa announced this October that it will build eight new LNG service stations along the main transport corridors of the Iberian Peninsula within the next two years. If results are positive, the construction of additional 9 stations is foreseen for 2019-2020. There are currently around 150 trucks running on LNG, but forecasts suggest that about 5,000 LNG-powered vehicles could be on the Iberian Peninsula by 2028.

In addition, companies Seat, Volkswagen-Audi Spain and Madrileña Red de Gas have recently signed a memorandum of understanding with the aim of boosting the use of NGVs whilst expanding the necessary infrastructure in Spain. The initiative will build up new CNG refuelling points, it will develop and update a map of supply points, and also offer attractive deals that allow operators to renew their fleets with gas-powered vehicles.

Regarding incentives, The Spanish Government has recently announced the new PIMA Aire 4 Plan, aiming to renew the park of commercial vehicles. For the first time this plan will also include, in a separate budget, vehicles using natural gas. There are also other subsidies given by some of the regional governments in the Spanish territory.

For more information on Spain’s NGV market, please refer to Gasnam, the Spanish Association of Natural Gas for Mobility.

To find out about existing filling stations in Spain, please have a look at the map provided by Gas Natural Fenosa.

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